Register for citation alerts

Vascular Access Conversation - IVUPDATE Podcast from IVTEAM

"Our experience with tunneled femoral catheters revealed low catheter survival and significant complications (deep venous thrombosis and malfunction/occlusion)" Sethi et al (2022).
Tunneled femoral vein catheterization for hemodialysis

Abstract:

Introduction: Tunneled femoral vein hemodialysis catheters are used when all other options for permanent vascular access or jugular central vein catheter are exhausted. There is little published literature on the outcome and survival of tunneled femoral vein catheters.

Methods: Using a retrospective database, we identified all tunneled femoral dialysis catheters placed in the Nephrology department of our institute over a one-and-half year period. The outcomes, complications, and patency of these procedures was retrospectively evaluated.

Results: Out of total 21 patients, 14 were female and 7 males with a mean age of 45 (range 17-73 years) and about one-fourth had diabetes mellitus (26%). Right-sided femoral catheter insertion was performed in 18 patients (85.7%) and 3 patients underwent left-sided insertion. Technical success of placement was 100% with no immediate complications. Median follow up period was 24 days. Primary catheter patency at 30, 60, 90, and 180 days were 81, 29, 18, and 12.5%, respectively. Three patients (15.7%) developed catheter-related deep venous thrombosis. Three catheters (14.2%) were removed for catheter-related infection and seven (33.3%) were removed because of absent blood flow.

Conclusion: Our experience with tunneled femoral catheters revealed low catheter survival and significant complications (deep venous thrombosis and malfunction/occlusion).

Reference:

Sethi J, Gaur M, Rathi M, Kohli HS. Tunneled Femoral Vein Catheterization for Long-term Hemodialysis – Experience from a Tertiary Care Center. Indian J Nephrol. 2022 Jul-Aug;32(4):371-374. doi: 10.4103/ijn.ijn_224_21. Epub 2022 May 20. PMID: 35967522; PMCID: PMC9364993.