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Dialysis cuffed catheter adhesion to the right atrium

"The adhesion of the catheter to the right atrium was observed, but no infection was detected in the bloodstream" Ogawa et al (2021).

Abstract:

We describe the case of an elderly Japanese female who had experienced diabetic nephropathy since the year 20xx and had been undergoing dialysis treatment while receiving vascular access interventional therapy (VAIVT) for arteriovenous fistula (AVF) occlusion. The patient visited the clinic/hospital in 20xx+10 with the AVF occlusion; emergency VAIVT was performed but blood flow could not be resumed. The patient was not admitted and was treated as an outpatient, and thus a cuff catheter (Split stream catheter: SST28 cm, Medcomp) was inserted. An infection developed and was successfully treated with antibiotics. The dialysis treatment continued without issue. One year after the cuff catheter’s insertion, the patient was admitted due difficulty breathing. Despite continued dialysis treatment with the catheter, the patient died 15 days post-admission. The removal of the catheter proved to be difficult. An autopsy was approved, and the area around the catheter was examined. The adhesion of the catheter to the right atrium was observed, but no infection was detected in the bloodstream. This case illustrates that dialysis with the use of a cuff catheter can be effective.

Reference:

Ogawa T, Inamura M, Kawai Y, Yamamoto R, Yasuda K, Shimizu T, Tamaru JI, Hasegawa H. Difficulty removing dialysis cuff catheter after its adhesion to the right atrium. J Vasc Access. 2021 Feb 14:1129729821993981. doi: 10.1177/1129729821993981. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 33586507.