Development of a pediatric vascular access team

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The purpose of the study was to examine if a pediatric peripheral vascular access algorithm with a pediatric vascular access team (PPVAA-VAT) improved IV placement outcomes compared with Pediatric Peripheral Vascular Access Algorithm (PPVAA)-alone use” Hartman et al (2019).

Abstract:

INTRODUCTION: Intravenous (IV) placement outcomes in pediatric patients need to be improved. The purpose of the study was to examine if a pediatric peripheral vascular access algorithm with a pediatric vascular access team (PPVAA-VAT) improved IV placement outcomes compared with Pediatric Peripheral Vascular Access Algorithm (PPVAA)-alone use.

METHODS: This study was a prospective, comparative, two-group design of hospitalized children. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to evaluate differences between cohort outcomes.

RESULTS: The PPVAA-alone IV attempts (n = 302) were followed by PPVAA-VAT attempts (n = 294). First attempt and overall IV success were higher in the PPVAA-VAT group after adjusting for confounding patient characteristics (p < .001 and p = .002, respectively). The IV attempts and staff required per encounter decreased in the PPVAA-VAT vs. PPVAA-alone group. DISCUSSION: The PPVAA-VAT group had greater first attempt and overall IV success, and was more likely to have fewer attempts and staff involved in IV access encounters.

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Reference:

Hartman, J.H., Bena, J.F., Morrison, S.L. and Albert, N.M. (2019) Effect of Adding a Pediatric Vascular Access Team Component to a Pediatric Peripheral Vascular Access Algorithm. Journal of Pediatric Health Care. July 30th. doi: 10.1016/j.pedhc.2019.06.004. .

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