Objectives: The tip of a central venous catheter (CVC) should be positioned in the proximity of the cavo-atrial junction (CAJ) where the lower third of the superior vena cava (SVC) and the upper right atrium (RA) are located to prevent life-threatening complications. This study aimed to determine the accuracy of Peres’ height formula in predicting the correct insertion depth of CVC.
Methods: A total of 332 patients were enrolled in this prospective observational study. All CVCs were inserted using Peres’ formula. The ‘correct’ tip position of CVC was the placement of the CVC tip 1 cm above and 1 cm below the carina in CXR. Rates of correct placements for each side and site of catheter insertions, gender, and body mass index (BMI) differences were evaluated.
Results: The correct placement rate of all catheters was 74.4%. There were statistically significant correlations between the correct placement of right-sided jugular and subclavian catheters (p<0.001) and left-sided jugular and subclavian catheters (p=0.014). There was a statistically significant difference in male patients (p=0.047). Higher BMI resulted in a lower rate of correct placement with no statistically significant difference (p=0.457).
Conclusions: Peres’ formula can be easily used to determine the correct position of CVC tips with a success rate in the Turkish population. However, practitioners should be aware of the low accuracy rate of Peres’ formula in female patients (68.5%) and patients with BMI over 35 kg/m2 (62.5%).Reference:
Şahinkaya HH, Parlak M, Tekgul ZT. Assessment of the Tip Position of Central Venous Catheters Inserted Using Peres’ Height Formula. Cureus. 2022 Nov 28;14(11):e31988. doi: 10.7759/cureus.31988. PMID: 36589175; PMCID: PMC9797751.