Correct tube to blood sample from CVC
Background: Pediatric cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy or radiation therapy generally require a central venous catheter (CVC). However, serum drawn from CVCs has several drawbacks for use in routine chemistry tests. Biochemical analytes were evaluated using heparin plasma instead of serum to maintain turnaround time and to prevent problems caused by micro-clot formation or delayed clotting time.
Methods: Venous blood samples from 52 pediatric oncology patients with chemoports or Hickman catheters were collected in serum separating tubes (SSTs) and lithium heparin tubes (LHTs). A total of 29 parameters were analyzed on a Cobas c702 (Roche Diagnostics, Mannheim, Germany). Passing-Bablok regression and Bland-Altman difference plots were used for statistical analyses.
Results: When the mean value of each analyte measured from LHT was compared with those from SST, percentage bias was within the desirable bias limit in most of the analytes. However, albumin, potassium, and inorganic phosphorus showed a negative constant bias of -3.0%, -5.3%, and -1.6%, respectively, and total protein showed a positive constant bias of +3.8%.
Conclusions: The use of LHTs for sample collection from pediatric patients with CVCs could be helpful for routine chemistry analyses. The results of potassium and total protein should be interpreted with consideration of the difference between serum and plasma samples.
Kang H, Cho HW, Rim JH, Hahn SM, Han JW, Lee SG, Lyu CJ, Lim JB. Comparison of blood collection tubes for 29 biochemical analytes in pediatric patients with central venous catheters. Clin Biochem. 2022 May 8:S0009-9120(22)00129-1. doi: 10.1016/j.clinbiochem.2022.04.017. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 35545160.