Continuous infusion administration protocol for PipTaz
Background: In 2017, a national drug shortage of small volume solutions significantly affected the preparation of intravenous antibiotics. In response, a continuous infusion administration protocol for piperacillin/tazobactam (PIP/TAZ) was implemented.
Objective: To compare the outcomes of continuous to prolonged infusions of PIP/TAZ in the setting of drug shortages.
Methods: This study is a single-center, retrospective cohort study in a community hospital of patients 18 years and older who received intravenous PIP/TAZ through 2 different dosing strategies of intravenous antibiotics from December 2016 to January 2018. Data were collected for 2 months on patients receiving prolonged infusions of PIP/TAZ prior to November 2017 and for 2 months on patients receiving continuous infusions of PIP/TAZ after November 2017.
Results: A total of 90 patients who received PIP/TAZ via either prolonged (n = 47) or continuous infusion (n = 43) were evaluated. There were no differences between the groups in mortality (3 vs 2 deaths, P = 1.00), length of therapy (6 ± 4 vs 6 ± 3 days, P = .86), or length of stay (9 ± 7 vs 8 ± 6 days, P = .47). Additionally, no differences were noted between incidences of thrombocytopenia (P = .41), Clostridioides difficile infection (P = .48), acute renal failure (P = 1.00), seizures (P = 1.0), or 30-day readmission rates (P = .27).
Conclusions: Administration of continuous infusion PIP/TAZ appears to be a viable mitigation strategy during small volume fluid shortages. Future cost-effectiveness studies may provide information on the financial impact of continuous infusions during costly drug shortages.
Tschumper E, Dupuis K, McCrory K, Pitts W. Evaluation of Prolonged Versus Continuous Infusions of Piperacillin/Tazobactam During Shortages of Small Volume Parenteral Solutions. J Pharm Technol. 2021 Dec;37(6):271-277. doi: 10.1177/87551225211034978. Epub 2021 Jul 23. PMID: 34790963; PMCID: PMC8592244.