"We aimed to investigate the infection rate among HD outpatients and implement CDC's surveillance system" Hasanoglu et al (2022).
Surveillance of hemodialysis related CLABSI


As in many countries, there is neither a surveillance system nor a study to reveal the hemodialysis (HD) related infection rates in Turkey. We aimed to investigate the infection rate among HD outpatients and implement CDC’s surveillance system. A multicenter prospective surveillance study is performed to investigate the infection rate among HD patients. CDC National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) dialysis event (DE) protocol is adopted for definitions and reporting. During April 2016-April 2018, 9 centers reported data. A total of 199 DEs reported in 10,035 patient-months, and the overall DE rate was 1.98 per 100 patient-months. Risk of blood culture positivity is found to be 17.6 times higher when hemodialysis was through a tunneled catheter than through an arteriovenous fistula. DE rate was significantly lower in patients educated about the care of their vascular access site. Staphylococcus aureus was the most causative microorganism among mortal patients. Outcomes of DEs were hospitalization (73%), loss of vascular access (18.2%), and death (7.7%). This first surveillance study revealed the baseline status of HD related infections in Turkey and showed that CDC National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) DE surveillance system can be easily implemented even in a high workload dialysis unit and be adopted as a nationwide DE surveillance program.


Hasanoglu I, Guner R, Sahin S, Yılmaz Karadag F, Parmaksiz E, Atalay HV, Alısır Ecder S, Arslan Gulen T, Atan Ucar Z, Karabay O, Sipahi S, Kaya Kılıc E, Duranay M, Yapar D, Dogan İ, Ersoz G, Turkmen G, Kıykım AA. Surveillance of hemodialysis related infections: a prospective multicenter study. Sci Rep. 2022 Dec 23;12(1):22240. doi: 10.1038/s41598-022-24820-3. PMID: 36564392; PMCID: PMC9789026.