"To investigate adherence to intravascular catheter (IVC) insertion and maintenance guidelines in Chinese tertiary hospitals" Zang et al (2024).
Study on adherence to CLABSI prevention guidelines


Objective: To investigate adherence to intravascular catheter (IVC) insertion and maintenance guidelines in Chinese tertiary hospitals.

Methods: A cross-sectional questionnaire survey of adult inpatients with IVC placements was conducted from July to September 2022 in 20 tertiary hospitals in China. One clinical staff member from each department in each hospital was assigned to participate in the survey. Questionnaires were uniformly collected and reviewed after 3 months.

Results: This study included 1815 cases (62.69%) of central venous catheter, 471 cases (16.27%) of peripherally inserted central catheter, 461 cases (15.92%) of PORT, and 147 cases (5.08%) of haemodialysis catheter insertions. Statistically significant differences in compliance were observed across the four IVC types, specifically in relation to the insertion checklist, standard operating procedure, and insertion environment (P<0.05). Practice adherence during IVC maintenance differed significantly across the four IVC types in aspects such as availability of IVC maintenance verification forms, daily scrubbing of the catheterised patients, and catheter connection methods (P<0.05). A total of 386 (13.34%) patients developed fever, 1086 (37.53%) were treated with therapeutic antibiotics, 16 (0.55%) developed central line-associated bloodstream infections, two (0.07%) developed local skin infections, and six (0.21%) developed deep vein thrombosis.

Conclusions: Adherence to guidelines regarding insertion and maintenance differed across the four IVC types; there is a gap between the recommended measures and the actual operation of the guideline. Therefore, it is necessary to further enhance training and develop checklists to prevent CLABSIs.


Zang F, Liu J, Wen Y, Jin X, Yang Y, Li L, Di J, Tang H, Wu J, Liu J, Liu H, Huang J, Zhang J, Li S, Yang L, Wang X, Geng S, Xing H, Xie J, Hua J, Xue X, Zhao Y, Ouyang L, Song P, Zhuang G, Chen W. Adherence to guidelines and central line-associated bloodstream infection occurrence during insertion and maintenance of intravascular catheters: evidence from 20 tertiary hospitals. J Hosp Infect. 2024 Jun 3:S0195-6701(24)00196-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jhin.2024.05.011. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 38838743.