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"Here, we analyzed the factors associated with CLABSI in patients with central venous catheter (CVC) insertions and evaluated the effects of our implemented preventive measures" Moriyama et al (2022).
CLABSI risk factors

Abstract:

We have implemented several preventive measures to reduce central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI) in the general intensive care unit (ICU) of a university hospital in Japan. Here, we analyzed the factors associated with CLABSI in patients with central venous catheter (CVC) insertions and evaluated the effects of our implemented preventive measures. From July 2013 to June 2018, data was collected from the medical records of 1472 patients with 1635 CVC insertions, including age, sex, Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II (APACHE II) score, duration of ICU stay, duration of catheter insertion, insertion site, and mechanical ventilation status. During weekly conferences, a surveillance team comprising intensive care and infection control doctors and nurses determined the patients’ CLABSI status. The analyzed factors were compared between CLABSI and central line patients without bloodstream infection. Multivariate analysis revealed three factors associated with CLABSI. Adjusted odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals were as follows: duration of ICU stay, 1.032 (1.019-1.044); duration of catheter insertion, 1.041 (1.015-1.066); and APACHE II score, 1.051 (1.000-1.105). The prominent risk factors were associated with the severity of the initial condition and exacerbation of the clinical condition of the patients during their stays in the ICU. Further strategies to reduce CLABSI must be developed.

Reference:

Moriyama K, Ando T, Kotani M, Tokumine J, Nakazawa H, Motoyasu A, Yorozu T. Risk factors associated with increased incidences of catheter-related bloodstream infection. Medicine (Baltimore). 2022 Oct 21;101(42):e31160. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000031160. PMID: 36281147.