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"Implementing the prevention bundles reduced CLABSI significantly in our ICU" Al-Khawaja et al (2021).

CLABSI rate four year review

Abstract:

Background: The central venous line is an essential component in monitoring and managing critically ill patients. However, it poses patients with increased risks of severe infections with a higher probability of morbidity and mortality.

Aim: To define the trends of the rates of central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSI) over four years, its predicted risk factors, aetiology, and the antimicrobial susceptibility of the isolated pathogens.

Methods: The study was a prospective case-control study, performed according to the guidelines of the Center for Disease Control surveillance methodology for CLABSI in patients admitted to the adult intensive care unit (ICU) and auditing the implementation of its prevention bundle.

Results: Thirty-four CLABSI identified over the study period, giving an average CLABSI rate of 3.2/1000 central line days. The infection’s time trend displayed significant reductions over time concomitantly with the CLABSI prevention bundle’s reinforcement from 4.7/1000 central line days at the beginning of 2016 to 1.4/1000 central line days by 2018. The most frequently identified pathogens causing CLABSI in our ICU were gram-negative organisms (59%). The most common offending organisms were Acinetobacter, Enterococcus, and Staphylococcus epidermidis, each of them accounted for 5 cases (15%). Multidrug-resistant organisms contributed to 56% of CLABSI. Its rate was higher when using femoral access and longer hospitalisation duration, especially in the ICU. Insertion of the central line in the non-ICU setting was another identified risk factor.

Conclusion: Implementing the prevention bundles reduced CLABSI significantly in our ICU. Implementing the CLABSI prevention bundle is crucial to maintain a substantial reduction in the CLABSI rate in the ICU setting.

Reference:

Al-Khawaja S, Saeed NK, Al-Khawaja S, Azzam N, Al-Biltagi M. Trends of central line-associated bloodstream infections in the intensive care unit in the Kingdom of Bahrain: Four years’ experience. World J Crit Care Med. 2021 Sep 9;10(5):220-231. doi: 10.5492/wjccm.v10.i5.220. PMID: 34616658; PMCID: PMC8462019.