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"To review which cannulation technique allows better primary patency of the arteriovenous fistula in haemodialysis patients" Peralta et al (2021).
AV fistula cannulation technique and fistula survival

Abstract:

Background: Based on a literature review of various studies, comparisons between BH and RL are inconclusive regarding some outcomes. However, in the last 5 years, some studies have been published that may contribute to clarifying which cannulation technique (CT) allows better fistula survival.

Aim: To review which cannulation technique allows better primary patency of the arteriovenous fistula in haemodialysis patients.

Methods: We will include all randomised controlled trials and observational studies that include comparisons among CTs and thus define the benefits and risks of each CT. A PRISMA-compliant systematic review and meta-analysis will be performed in accordance with the quality and homogeneity of studies. A comprehensive search strategy will be applied to the CINAHL, MEDLINE and Embase electronic databases from January 2000 to September 2021. The primary outcome is the arteriovenous fistula primary patency. To assess the risk of bias in randomised controlled trials or quasi-experimental studies, we will use the tool Revised Cochrane Risk-of-Bias Tool for Randomized Trials (RoB 2). For nonrandomised studies, the Risk of Bias In Non-Randomized Studies of Interventions (ROBINS-I) will be used.

Discussion: The evidence generated from this systematic review of current evidence could inform the design and implementation of continuous quality improvement programs in cannulation techniques in haemodialysis patients, as well as contributing to improving the curricula within haemodialysis courses. This protocol was registered with the National Institute for Health Research PROSPERO database prior to commencement (registration number CRD42021237050).

Reference:

Peralta R, Sousa L, Cristóvão AF. Cannulation Technique of Vascular Access in Haemodialysis and the Impact on the Arteriovenous Fistula Survival: Protocol of Systematic Review. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021 Nov 29;18(23):12554. doi: 10.3390/ijerph182312554. PMID: 34886285; PMCID: PMC8656982.