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"The so-called Antibiotic Lock Therapy (ALT) is an antimicrobial therapeutic strategy which seems to be promising in neonates when catheter removal is difficult due to critical conditions" Piersigilli et al (2022).
Antimicrobial lock therapy

Abstract:

Background: Newborns admitted to Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICUs) often require the placement of central vascular catheters (CVC), which are a major risk factor for hospital infection. Numerous strategies exist to prevent central line-associated blood stream infections (CLABSIs) and catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSIs), with only a few offering options to save the catheter when it is impossible to replace. CRBSIs continue to be a major problem for neonates in NICUs. Most CRBSIs are resistant to systemic antibiotics due to the presence of intraluminal bacterial biofilm. Therefore, catheter removal is frequently necessary when a CRBSI occurs. The so-called Antibiotic Lock Therapy (ALT) is an antimicrobial therapeutic strategy which seems to be promising in neonates when catheter removal is difficult due to critical conditions. To date, evidence about the use of ALT in the neonatal period is still fragmentary, since only poor and heterogeneous data exist.

Methods: We report our successful experience with ALT in seriously ill neonates with CRBSI for whom the replacement of the catheter could have been life threatening.

Results: ALT repetitively performed for at least 12 h was effective in 11 out of 13 infants (84.6%). It was not effective in two infants in whom ALT was performed for only 6 h. Moreover, we present new data about the stability testing of meropenem for its use during ALT in neonates.

Conclusions: When CRBSI occurs-bearing in mind that the optimal management is catheter removal if antibiotic therapy is not effective within 48 h-ALT seems to be a valid alternative therapy when removal is impractical due to critical conditions.

Reference:

Piersigilli F, Auriti C, Dotta A, Goffredo BM, Cairoli S, Savarese I, Campi F, Corsetti T, Bersani I. Use of Meropenem and Other Antimicrobial Lock Therapy in the Treatment of Catheter-Related Blood Stream Infections in Neonates: A Retrospective Study. Children (Basel). 2022 Apr 26;9(5):614. doi: 10.3390/children9050614. PMID: 35626791; PMCID: PMC9140042.