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Effects of virtual reality and external cold and vibration on phlebotomy pain

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of the virtual reality (VR) and external cold and vibration methods on pain scores in children aged 7 to 12 years during phlebotomy” Gerçeker et al (2018).

Abstract:

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of the virtual reality (VR) and external cold and vibration methods on pain scores in children aged 7 to 12 years during phlebotomy.

DESIGN: A randomized controlled study.

METHODS: The sample of children (n = 121) was allocated to the groups (group 1, VR; group 2, external cold and vibration; group 3, control) by blocked randomization. Pain scores were assessed after the phlebotomy using self-report, parent’s reports, report from the nurse who attempted the phlebotomy, and researchers’ report with the Wong-Baker FACES scale.

FINDINGS: Pain scores were determined to be lower in groups 1 and 2. Although there was no difference between the groups 1 and 2, a statistically significant difference was found between groups 1 or 2 and group 3 based on all pain scores.

CONCLUSIONS: Results suggest that VR and external cold and vibration are effective in reducing the pain in 7- to 12-year-old children during phlebotomy. VR can be used safely for the pain management of children who are growing up in the age of technology.



Reference:

Gerçeker, G.Ö., Binay, Ş., Bilsin, E., Kahraman, A. and Yılmaz, H.B. (2018) Effects of Virtual Reality and External Cold and Vibration on Pain in 7- to 12-Year-Old Children During Phlebotomy: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing. March 17th. .

doi: 10.1016/j.jopan.2017.12.010.