Vascular access team placement for medical students
Rationale and objectives: There is a gap in current medical student education pertaining to procedural skills’ exposure and acquisition. The aim of this study is to evaluate the institutional experience of a novel medical student procedural course and its impact on procedural confidence.
Materials and methods: This is a single-center prospective study performed at a public medical school and its associated tertiary care medical center between June 2020 and January 2021. This study was deemed exempt by our Institutional Review Board and was performed with participant consent. The multimodal course developed by the radiology department consisted of four didactic lectures, four simulation sessions, and a minimum of 16 clinical rotation hours with the department’s vascular access team. Primary outcomes were assessed by comparing participant pre and post course surveys including twenty-five 5-point Likert scaled questions.
Results: Twenty-five self-selected students completed the course in its entirety. The curriculum and the corresponding survey analysis were stratified into sections by procedure modality. An increase in participant confidence to a moderate or greater level was observed when comparing pre and post course survey data for each procedure: vascular access (4% vs 52%, p < 0.01), thoracentesis (8% vs 48%, p < 0.01), paracentesis (8% vs 72%, p < 0.01), lumbar puncture (4% vs 44%, p < 0.01), and bone marrow biopsy (0% vs 48%, p < 0.01).
Conclusions: The creation of a medical-student-centric procedural course is feasible and fills a potential gap in undergraduate medical education. This study demonstrated that a comprehensive multimodal course, designed to include didactic, simulation and clinical experiences, increases participant exposure to, participation with, and confidence in bedside procedural performance abilities.
Boggs ZD, Regalado LE, Makary MS. Procedural Fundamentals for Medical Students: Institutional Outcomes of a Novel Multimodal Course. Acad Radiol. 2021 Nov 17:S1076-6332(21)00486-4. doi: 10.1016/j.acra.2021.10.018. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 34801346.