Extravasation injury may occur in 0.1–6.5% of patients receiving chemotherapy1 and up to 11% in pediatric patients receiving intravenous (IV) fluids” Ching and Wong (2017).
Extravasation injury may occur in 0.1–6.5% of patients receiving chemotherapy1 and up to 11% in pediatric patients receiving intravenous (IV) fluids. Furthermore, rates extending to 70% have been observed for neonates in hospital.2 Although most remain localized and heal spontaneously with conservative management, the sequelae of extravasation are often underestimated. A higher incidence in this age group, particularly in neonates, is because of small and fragile veins, requirement of IV lines over long periods of time, and inability to communicate clearly.
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Ching, D. and Wong, K.Y. (2017) Pediatric Extravasation Injury Management: A Survey Comparing 10 Hospitals. Paediatrics and Neonatology. April 11th. .
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