The objective is to evaluate the quality of life of patients using the HeRO Graft in end-stage renal disease for hemodialysis” Maqsood and Rubab (2019).
End-stage renal disease (ESRD) is one of the most feared consequences of kidney disease. A large number of patients with ESRD require long-term hemodialysis. Vascular access options for hemodialysis include the placement of arteriovenous (AV) fistulas, AV grafts, and tunneled dialysis catheters (TDCs). An alternative to the TDC is the Hemodialysis Reliable Outflow (HeRO; Cryolife Inc., Eden Prairie, MN, USA) Graft. The HeRO Graft has been designed to overcome the development of central venous stenosis or occlusion. The objective is to evaluate the quality of life of patients using the HeRO Graft in end-stage renal disease for hemodialysis. We searched PubMed, Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (MEDLINE), Excerpta Medica dataBASE (EMBASE), Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINHAL), Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), Pubpsych, and Google Scholar on October 30, 2018. We included published articles in the English language that used the HeRO Graft for ESRD. The adequacy of dialysis and bacteremia rates proved to be equal to those of conventional AV grafts. It turned out that 2.21 interventions per year were needed to maintain the patency of the HeRO Graft while only 1.17 interventions were needed to maintain the patency of the lower extremity graft. Mortality, ischemia, and infection rates were similar for both groups. The tunneled dialysis catheters have a higher incidence of infection as compared to the HeRO Graft. The initial device and placement costs for the HeRO Graft were higher than those for TDCs but savings from the lower incidence of device complications and longer effective device patency make it cost-effective. Based on the limited evidence, it has been discerned that the HeRO Graft is an optimal option for hemodialysis in patients of ESRD who have exhausted all means of upper extremity access. Though almost similar to the AV grafts in terms of complications and less functional than femoral grafts, it still outclasses them in improving the quality of life of such patients.
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Maqsood, M.H. and Rubab, K. (2019) Quality of Life of Patients Using the Hemodialysis Reliable Outflow (HeRO) Graft in Hemodialysis. Curēus. 11(1), p.e3915. doi: 10.7759/cureus.3915.