To evaluate the prevalence and predictors of peripherally inserted central catheter-associated bloodstream infection (PBSI) and PBSI-related death in hospitalized adult patients” Lee et al (2019).
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence and predictors of peripherally inserted central catheter-associated bloodstream infection (PBSI) and PBSI-related death in hospitalized adult patients.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective multicenter cohort of consecutive patients who underwent PICC placement from October 2016 to September 2017 at four institutes was assembled. Using multivariable logistic and Cox-proportional hazards regression models, all risk factors were analyzed for their association with PBSI. Multivariable logistic models were used to evaluate predictors of PBSI-related death.
RESULTS: During the study period, a total of 929 PICCs were inserted in 746 patients for a total of 17,913 catheter days. PBSI occurred in 58 patients (6.2%), with an infection rate of 3.23 per 1,000 catheter days. Number of catheter lumens , PICC for chemotherapy (OR 4.94; 95% CI, 1.686-14.458; HR 7.635; 95% CI, 2.775-21.007), and hospital length of stay (OR 2.23; 95% CI, 1.234-4.049; HR 1.249; 95% CI, 0.659-2.368) were associated with PBSI. Risk factors, such as receiving chemotherapy (OR 54.911; 95% CI, 2.755-1094.326), presence of diabetes (OR 11.712; 95% CI, 1.513-90.665), and advanced age (OR 1.116; 95% CI 1.007-1.238), were correlated with PBSI-related death.
CONCLUSION: Our results indicated that risk factors associated with PBSI included the number of catheter lumens, the use of PICCs for chemotherapy, and the hospital length of stay. Furthermore, PBSI-related death was common in patients undergoing chemotherapy, diabetics, and elderly patients.
You may also be interested in…
Lee, J.H., Kim, E.T., Shim, D.J., Kim, I.J., Byeon, J.H., Lee, I.J., Kim, H.B., Choi, Y.J. and Lee, J.H. (2019) Prevalence and predictors of peripherally inserted central catheter-associated bloodstream infections in adults: A multicenter cohort study. PLoS One. 14(3), p.e0213555.