Peripheral IV access training program for pediatric nurses
Purpose: Obtaining vascular access in the pediatric population can be challenging, with insertion success rates varying widely based on patient and practitioner associated factors. Difficulty establishing peripheral intravenous access can delay treatment, which can be detrimental in emergent situations. Nurses who are trained in vascular access yield a much higher first attempt success rate, which decreases resource utilization, time to intervention, and complication rate. Fewer insertion attempts can also result in improved outcomes including decreased length of stay and better patient and family perception of pain.
Design and methods: The Vascular Access Service at our institution developed an extensive training program, which included three stages: didactic learning, simulation training, and insertion validation.
Results: During the first three months of 2020, there were 54 ultrasound-guided peripheral IVs placed in the pediatric intensive care units, 100% of which were placed by the vascular access service. In the first three months of 2021, 63 ultrasound-guided peripheral IVs were placed, 100% of which were placed by pediatric intensive care unit nurses. Of those placed by pediatric intensive care unit nurses, 52 (82.5%) were placed following their ultrasound-guided peripheral IV training. First time insertion success rates were 86.5% with competency in a diverse patient population of widely varying ages.
Conclusions: Programs that include repeated simulation experiences may facilitate greater learning and thus increase the confidence of the nurses trained. Improving staff skills for vascular access has promoted independent bedside practice and contributed to a culture of quality and safety for the pediatric patient population.
Hackett A, Wells C, Zhang Z, Kero J, Soriano J, Rivera J, Brito A, Guiney J, Leibner E, Kohli-Seth R. Development of a peripheral intravenous access training program for nurses in the pediatric intensive care units. J Pediatr Nurs. 2021 Oct 7;61:394-403. doi: 10.1016/j.pedn.2021.09.017. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 34628250.