The World Health Organization has estimated that around 66 thousand HBV infection cases are caused by needlestick injuries annually. Healthcare students should be aware of HBV transmission routes and preventive measures. This study assessed the knowledge, attitudes, and practices toward HBV among Jordanian healthcare students and its associated factors. A cross-national study was conducted from March to August 2022. The questionnaire was composed of four sections: participants’ sociodemographics, knowledge, attitudes, and practices about HBV, and 2322 participants were enrolled. The collected responses were analyzed with SPSS software (version 25 (IBM Corp., Armonk, NY, USA)) using descriptive statistics, unpaired t-tests, chi-square tests, and multivariate regression analyses. A p-value ≤ 0.05 was considered statistically significant. The results showed that 67.9% were females, 26.4% were medical students, and 35.9% were in their 3rd year. Overall, 40% of the participants held high levels of knowledge and attitudes. Further, 63.9% of participants had good practices toward HBV. Gender, year of study, encountering HBV patients, college, and having extra HBV courses were associated with high levels of KAP. This study demonstrated insufficient knowledge and attitudes toward HBV; however, the practice level toward HBV among healthcare students was promising. Therefore, public health efforts should modify the knowledge and attitude gaps to reinforce awareness and minimize the risk of infection.Reference:
Alaridah N, Joudeh RM, Al-Abdallat H, Jarrar RF, Ismail L, Jum’ah M, Alnajjar Z, Alzyoud E, Battah Z, Battah A, Alshami M, Abu-Humaidan AHA. Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices toward Hepatitis B Infection among Healthcare Students-A Nationwide Cross-Sectional Study in Jordan. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2023 Feb 28;20(5):4348. doi: 10.3390/ijerph20054348. PMID: 36901359; PMCID: PMC10002228.