National intervention to prevent central line-associated bloodstream infection

In hospitals with a disproportionate burden of health care-associated infection, a multimodal intervention did not reduce rates of CLABSI” Patel et al (2019).


BACKGROUND: Central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI) remains prevalent in hospitals in the United States.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of a multimodal intervention in hospitals with elevated rates of health care-associated infection.

DESIGN: Pre-post observational evaluation of a prospective, national, clustered, nonrandomized initiative of 3 cohorts of hospitals.

SETTING: Acute care, long-term acute care, and critical access hospitals, including intensive care units and medical/surgical wards.

PARTICIPANTS: Target hospitals had a cumulative attributable difference above the first tertile of performance for Clostridioides difficile infection and another health care-associated infection (such as CLABSI). Some hospitals that did not meet these criteria also participated.

INTERVENTION: A multimodal intervention consisting of recommendations and tools for prioritizing and implementing evidence-based infection prevention strategies, on-demand educational videos, webinars led by content experts, and access to content experts.

MEASUREMENTS: Rates of CLABSI and device utilization ratio pre- and postintervention.

RESULTS: Between November 2016 and May 2018, 387 hospitals in 23 states and the District of Columbia participated. Monthly preimplementation CLABSI rates ranged from 0 to 71.4 CLABSIs per 1000 catheter-days. Over the study period, the unadjusted CLABSI rate was low and decreased from 0.88 to 0.80 CLABSI per 1000 catheter-days. Between the pre- and postintervention periods, device utilization decreased from 24.05 to 22.07 central line-days per 100 patient-days. However, a decreasing trend in device utilization was also observed during the preintervention period.

LIMITATIONS: The intervention period was brief. Participation in and adherence to recommended interventions were not fully assessed. Rates of CLABSI were low. Patient characteristics could not be assessed.

CONCLUSION: In hospitals with a disproportionate burden of health care-associated infection, a multimodal intervention did not reduce rates of CLABSI.

PRIMARY FUNDING SOURCE: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

You may also be interested in…

Full Text


Patel, P.K., Greene, M.T., Jones, K., Rolle, A.J., Ratz, D., Snyder, A., Saint, S. and Chopra, V. (2019) Quantitative Results of a National Intervention to Prevent Central Line-Associated Bloodstream Infection: A Pre-Post Observational Study. Annals of Internal Medicine. 171(7_Supplement), p.S23-S29. doi: 10.7326/M18-3533.

Safety IV catheter