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"Pediatric dogs and cats within their first 12 weeks of life have important electrolyte requirements and physiologic considerations that may impact fluid therapy" Cohn et al (2022).

IV fluid therapy in pediatric dogs and cats

Abstract:

Pediatric dogs and cats within their first 12 weeks of life have important electrolyte requirements and physiologic considerations that may impact fluid therapy. Fluid requirements are higher in pediatrics, while fluid losses are greater due to underdeveloped physiologic responses. Hydration and volume status are difficult to assess in young animals, and their small size makes intravenous (IV) access difficult to obtain. Young patients can quickly deteriorate from dehydration, poor husbandry, and infection and become critically ill, requiring prompt recognition, treatment, intensive care, and monitoring. Clinicians should be aware of all available routes of fluid administration including oral, subcutaneous (SC), intraperitoneal (IP), IV, and intraosseous (IO), and the limitations associated with each route.


Reference:

Cohn LA, Kaplan-Zattler AJ, Lee JA. Fluid Therapy for Pediatric Patients. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract. 2022 May;52(3):707-718. doi: 10.1016/j.cvsm.2022.01.007. PMID: 35465905.