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"From this feedback, a functional and cost-effective simulator was developed to practice this HALO skill and is currently being used for NRP training" Micallef et al (2021).

Intraosseous infusion simulator for neonatal resuscitation

Abstract:

Simulation-based medical education (SBME) employs realistic simulators to allow physicians and medical students to learn and practice high acuity, low occurrence (HALO) skills such as the intraosseous (IO) infusion. Previous research was done to develop and evaluate a three-dimensional (3D)-printed adult proximal tibia IO simulator and was rated as a valuable and realistic medical education training tool. This report focuses on implementing this IO simulator for neonatal resuscitation program (NRP) training purposes, as well as to explain the process of redeveloping the previous adult IO simulator and the development of a stand, called the maxSIMbox, to hold the simulators, as well as the tools needed to perform an IO infusion. The feedback provided from stakeholders was helpful, with an emphasis on providing stability to both the infant IO simulator and the maxSIMbox. From this feedback, a functional and cost-effective simulator was developed to practice this HALO skill and is currently being used for NRP training.

Reference:

Micallef J, Arutiunian A, Hiley J, Benson A, Dubrowski A. The Development of a Cost-Effective Infant Intraosseous Infusion Simulator for Neonatal Resuscitation Program Training. Cureus. 2021 Oct 16;13(10):e18824. doi: 10.7759/cureus.18824. PMID: 34804681; PMCID: PMC8592783.