Improving IV dressing integrity
Purpose: The purpose of this quality improvement project was to evaluate transparent vascular access dressings and the use of a liquid gum mastic adhesive on improving dressing integrity over peripheral intravenous (PIV) insertion sites without increasing medical adhesive-related skin injuries (MARSIs) such as tears.
Participants and setting: A multidisciplinary team consisting of specialists in infection prevention, vascular access, nursing professional development, materials management, and WOC nurses met to review current audit data and available products to trial on 2 intermediate care units in our 2 hospitals in Indiana with a combined average daily unit census of 35 patients.
Approach: Four dressing protocols-including our existing dressing with education, and an updated dressing with education, and the updated and new dressing, both with education and the addition of a gum mastic adhesive agent-were sequentially implemented by nurses on the units, each over a 2-week period. The goal was for 80% of the dressings to remain with all 4 corners fully intact without reinforcement at day 7, or sooner if PIV was discontinued before day 7. Data were reported as frequencies for intact dressings and skin complications.
Outcomes: Education combined with the original dressing and the updated dressing did not achieve the goal of 80% fully intact dressings in the samples evaluated. The addition of the adhesive agent to the updated and new dressings with education exceeded the 80% goal. In addition, there were zero exposed PIV insertion sites and no documented MARSI in any of the 4 protocols.
Implications for practice: We continued to collect postproject data of 30,049 vascular access sites including central line catheters and observed the same effectiveness of incorporating a gum mastic adhesive on dressing integrity. This practice change has now become standard of care in our institution.
DeVries M, Sarbenoff J, Scott N, Wickert M, Hayes LM. Improving Vascular Access Dressing Integrity in the Acute Care Setting: A Quality Improvement Project. J Wound Ostomy Continence Nurs. 2021 Jun 28. doi: 10.1097/WON.0000000000000787. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 34198309.