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"We continued to collect postproject data of 30,049 vascular access sites including central line catheters and observed the same effectiveness of incorporating a gum mastic adhesive on dressing integrity" DeVries et al (2021).

Improving IV dressing integrity

Abstract:

Purpose: The purpose of this quality improvement project was to evaluate transparent vascular access dressings and the use of a liquid gum mastic adhesive on improving dressing integrity over peripheral intravenous (PIV) insertion sites without increasing medical adhesive-related skin injuries (MARSIs) such as tears.

Participants and setting: A multidisciplinary team consisting of specialists in infection prevention, vascular access, nursing professional development, materials management, and WOC nurses met to review current audit data and available products to trial on 2 intermediate care units in our 2 hospitals in Indiana with a combined average daily unit census of 35 patients.

Approach: Four dressing protocols-including our existing dressing with education, and an updated dressing with education, and the updated and new dressing, both with education and the addition of a gum mastic adhesive agent-were sequentially implemented by nurses on the units, each over a 2-week period. The goal was for 80% of the dressings to remain with all 4 corners fully intact without reinforcement at day 7, or sooner if PIV was discontinued before day 7. Data were reported as frequencies for intact dressings and skin complications.

Outcomes: Education combined with the original dressing and the updated dressing did not achieve the goal of 80% fully intact dressings in the samples evaluated. The addition of the adhesive agent to the updated and new dressings with education exceeded the 80% goal. In addition, there were zero exposed PIV insertion sites and no documented MARSI in any of the 4 protocols.

Implications for practice: We continued to collect postproject data of 30,049 vascular access sites including central line catheters and observed the same effectiveness of incorporating a gum mastic adhesive on dressing integrity. This practice change has now become standard of care in our institution.


Reference:

DeVries M, Sarbenoff J, Scott N, Wickert M, Hayes LM. Improving Vascular Access Dressing Integrity in the Acute Care Setting: A Quality Improvement Project. J Wound Ostomy Continence Nurs. 2021 Jun 28. doi: 10.1097/WON.0000000000000787. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 34198309.