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"We have demonstrated that any medical injections applied to the epineurial, endoneurial, or intrafascicular compartments of the sciatic nerve may cause functional and electrophysiological loss with or without deterioration of the peripheral nerve architecture" Zeynal and Kadıoğlu (2022).
Sciatic nerve injection injury research

Abstract:

Background: In this study, we evaluate sciatic nerve injuries due to intramuscular injections, which is an important medicolegal problem frequently encountered in medical practice, with an extended experimental rat model of peripheral nerve injury.

Methods: A total of 78 male Wistar albino rats were divided into five main groups, including a control group, a sham saline group, and groups that received benzathine penicillin G, diclofenac sodium, and dexamethasone, respectively. These pharmaceutical agents were applied to the sciatic nerves of all rats after exploration in the epineurial, endoneurial, and intrafascicular compartments, excluding the control group. Outcomes were evaluated for all rats and their sciatic nerves according to functional, electrophysiological, and histopathological results.

Results: Injuries were most evident in the groups that received penicillin G and diclofenac sodium, and this finding was statistically significant. It was also found that endoneurial and intrafascicular injections may cause more harm than epineurial injections.

Discussion: We have demonstrated that any medical injections applied to the epineurial, endoneurial, or intrafascicular compartments of the sciatic nerve may cause functional and electrophysiological loss with or without deterioration of the peripheral nerve architecture.

Reference:

Zeynal M, Kadıoğlu HH. All aspects of sciatic nerve injection injury: an experiment with 78 rats. Turk J Med Sci. 2022 Oct;52(5):1591-1599. doi: 10.55730/1300-0144.5499. Epub 2022 Oct 19. PMID: 36422486.