Home hemodialysis for older people
An increasing demand for in-center dialysis services has been largely driven by a rapid growth of the older population progressing to end-stage kidney disease. Since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, efforts to encourage home-based dialysis options have increased due to risks of infective transmission for patients receiving hemodialysis in center-based units. There are various practical and clinical advantages for patients receiving hemodialysis at home. However, the lack of caregiver support, cognitive and physical impairment, challenges of vascular access, and preparation and training for home hemodialysis (HHD) initiation may present as barriers to successful implementation of HHD in the older dialysis population. Assessment of an older patient’s frailty status may help clinicians guide patients when making decisions about HHD. The development of an assisted HHD care delivery model and advancement of telehealth and technology in provision of HHD care may increase accessibility of HHD services for older patients. This review examines these factors and explores current unmet needs and barriers to increasing access, inclusion, and opportunities of HHD for the older dialysis population.
Wu HHL, Nixon AC, Dhaygude AP, Jayanti A, Mitra S. Is home hemodialysis a practical option for older people? Hemodial Int. 2021 Jun 16. doi: 10.1111/hdi.12949. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 34133069.