Objective: The current study aimed to evaluate the extent of the slide-stick phenomenon in differently designed infusion syringesat various infusion rates and filling positions.
Methods: Fluid delivery from three 50 mL infusion syringe brands (BD; Codan; Fresenius) was investigated using a flow sensor at flow rates of 0.5, 1.0 or 5.0 mLh-1 , with the syringes filled with either 10, 30 or 50 mL of distilled water. Two identical models (A/B) of the same infusion pump model were used.The effect of flow rate variations on the plasma concentration of a continuous epinephrine infusion in a 3 kg neonate receiving a continuous infusion of 0.1 μgkgmin-1 epinephrine was studied using a pharmacokinetic simulation model.
Results: Considerable variationsin calculated plasma epinephrine concentration were detected between flow rates of 5 and 0.5 or 1 mLh-1 for all syringe types and filling volumes. The median deviation of plasma concentration for the 5 mLh-1 flow rate varieddepending onassembly from 1.3% (Codan) to 1.8% (Fresenius). This was more pronounced for lower flow rates, where at 1 mLh-1 the deviation variedfrom 3.3% (BD) to 4.8% (Fresenius) and at 0.5 mLh-1 from 4.9% (BD) to 5.4% (Fresenius). Differences between filling volumes (within syringe type and flow rate) did not appear to haverelevant influence on variations in calculated plasma epinephrine concentration.
Conclusion: Infusion set rate rather than syringe brand or filling volume was a major predictor for syringe stiction-related amount of variation in the calculated plasma epinephrine concentration.
Peduzzi, N., Batliner, M., Grass, B., Buehler, P. K., Schmid Daners, M., Meboldt, M., and Weiss, M. (2020) Flow irregularities from syringe infusion pumps caused by syringe stiction. Paediatric Anaesthesia. May 22nd. doi:10.1111/pan.13926. (epub ahead of print).