Computer distraction during IV placement for young children
Background: Intravenous (IV) placement is a common procedure experienced by children visiting the pediatric emergency department (PED). However, uncontrolled anxiety and pain cause children to interfere with the procedure. In this pilot study, we sought to evaluate the effectiveness of tablet personal computers as a distraction method during IV placement.
Methods: This is a single-center pilot study conducted at a tertiary teaching hospital. Children visiting the PED were eligible if they were aged 3-5 years and required IV placement during the PED visit. After written consent was obtained from the guardian, the child was randomly assigned to a control group or an intervention group. For the intervention group, an animated video was played via tablet PC during IV placement. For both groups, children’s anxiety, heart rate, and pain scale scores (the Face, Legs, Activity, Cry, Consolability and Evaluation Enfant Douleur) and guardian satisfaction were recorded.
Results: 22 children were eligible for the final analysis. There was no significant difference in the pain scale scores between the two groups, with the exception of the degree of pain relief after the procedure measured using Evaluation Enfant Douleur (intervention group: 6.0, interquartile range (IQR): 4.2-6.8, and control group; 3.0, IQR: 2.0-3.8, P = 0.011) and Face, Legs, Activity, Cry, Consolability (intervention group: 4.0, IQR: 4.0-4.2 and control group; 3.0, IQR: 1.5-3.5, P = 0.043).
Conclusion: In this pilot study, distraction using tablet personal computers may have reduced children’s distress during the recovery phase after venipuncture. Further study with a larger sample size and different methods of distraction is essential.
Lee HN, Hwang S, Jung JY, Park JW, Kim DK, Kwak YH. Tablet personal computer distraction during intravenous placement for young children in the pediatric emergency department: A pilot study. Pediatr Int. 2022 Jan;64(1):e15150. doi: 10.1111/ped.15150. PMID: 35510723.