Catheter associated right atrial thrombosis
Implanted ports have provided clinicians with long term venous accessibility, while maintaining comfort and convenience for their patients. One of the most commonly used implanted ports for oncological access is a Mediport (Norfork Medical, Skokie, IL). Guidelines (INS2021) strongly recommend placing central catheter tips at the cavo-atrial junction. In fact, too deep atrium position may be associated with micro-traumatism, possibly leading to a catheter associated right atrial thrombosis (CRAT). No significant literature discusses the possibility of such port masses being seeded by a bacteria, as in the case for endocarditis, which was seen in our patient. In the following case report, we will explore the case of a 41-year-old female with metastatic urothelial carcinoma who developed multiple right atrial masses possibly associated with a deeply seated totally implanted vascular access device (TIVAD) tip within the right atrial wall. These right atrial masses were of unknown origin, and in the setting of MRSA bacteremia, multiple possible etiologies would be discussed. We will also explore ways in which similar complications can be easily prevented in the future.
Dayco JS, DeSouza N, Cardozo S. A cluster of grapes: Right atrial masses of uncertain origin. J Vasc Access. 2021 Sep 30:11297298211046819. doi: 10.1177/11297298211046819. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 34590518.