Which microorganisms contaminate intravenous needleless connectors?

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The aim of this study was to quantify culturable microorganisms on needleless connectors (NCs) attached to peripheral intravenous catheters in hospitalized adult medical patients” Slater et al (2017).

Abstract:

The aim of this study was to quantify culturable microorganisms on needleless connectors (NCs) attached to peripheral intravenous catheters in hospitalized adult medical patients. Half (50%) of 40 NCs were contaminated with microorganisms commonly found on the skin or mouth. Staphylococcus capitis and Staphylococcus epidermidis were most commonly isolated. Emergency department insertion and higher patient dependency were statistically associated with positive NC microorganism growth. These results reaffirm the need for NC decontamination prior to access.

Reference:

Slater, K., Cooke, M., Whitby, M., Fullerton, F., Douglas, J., Hay, J. and Rickard, C. (2017) Microorganisms present on peripheral intravenous needleless connectors in the clinical environment. American Journal of Infection Control. March 20th. [epub ahead of print].

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2017.02.008

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