What is the impact of water intake on clinical chemistry analytes

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The aim was to study the effects of 300 mL water intake 1 h before phlebotomy on specific analytes” Benozzi et al (2018).

Abstract:

INTRODUCTION: Currently available recommendations regarding fasting requirements before phlebotomy do not specify any maximum water intake volume permitted during the fasting period. The aim was to study the effects of 300 mL water intake 1 h before phlebotomy on specific analytes.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Blood was collected from 20 women (median age (min-max): 24 (22 – 50) years) in basal state (T0) and 1 h after 300 mL water intake (T1). Glucose, total proteins (TP), urea, creatinine, cystatin C, total bilirubin (BT), total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides (Tg), uric acid (UA), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT), aspartate-aminotransferase (AST), alanine-aminotransferase and lactate-dehydrogenase (LD) were studied. Results were analyzed using Wilcoxon test. Mean difference (%) was calculated for each analyte and was further compared with reference change value (RCV). Only mean differences (%) higher than RCV were considered clinically significant.

RESULTS: Significant differences (median T0vs median T1, P) were observed for TP (73 vs 74 g/L, 0.001); urea (4.08 vs 4.16 mmol/L, 0.010); BT (12 vs 13 µmol/L, 0.021); total cholesterol (4.9 vs 4.9 mmol/L, 0.042); Tg (1.05 vs 1.06 mmol/L, 0.002); UA (260 vs 270 µmol/L, 0.006); GGT (12 vs 12 U/L, 0.046); AST (22 vs 24 U/L, 0.001); and LD (364 vs 386 U/L, 0.001). Although the differences observed were statistically significant, they were not indicative of clinically significant changes.

CONCLUSIONS: A water intake of 300 mL 1 h prior to phlebotomy does not interfere with the analytes studied in the present work.

Full Text

Reference:

Benozzi, S.F., Unger, G., Campion, A. and Pennacchiotti, G.L. (2018) Fasting conditions: Influence of water intake on clinical chemistry analytes. Biochemia Medica. 28(1), p.010702.

doi: 10.11613/BM.2018.010702.

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