Vascular injury associated with central venous catheter insertion

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Central venous catheterization is an invasive procedure which can be associated with severe complications. These include in particular unsuccessful arterial puncture and vascular injuries, which in addition to loss of blood can lead to massive soft tissue swelling” Engelen et al (2016).

Abstract:

Central venous catheterization is an invasive procedure which can be associated with severe complications. These include in particular unsuccessful arterial puncture and vascular injuries, which in addition to loss of blood can lead to massive soft tissue swelling. A 63-year-old female patient developed massive cervical bleeding during ultrasound-guided internal jugular vein puncture and the rapidly enlarging hematoma led to compromisation of the airway. A cannot intubate, cannot ventilate situation developed and the subsequent hypoxia led to cardiac arrest that was only resolved after emergency surgical tracheotomy during cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

Reference:

Engelen, C., Trebes, C., Czarnecki, S. and Junger, A. (2016) Bleeding during central venous catheterization : Cannot intubate, cannot ventilate due to massive cervical hematoma. Anaesthesist. February 11th. [Epub ahead of print]. [Article in German].

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