Umbilical venous catheter versus PICC in neonates

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UVC is a cheaper alternative to PICC, with similar success rate, short-term complications and time needed for insertion” Dongara et al (2017).

Abstract:

OVERVIEW: Peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) and umbilical venous catheter (UVC) in terms of success rate, complications, cost and time of insertion in neonatal intensive care were compared. Neonates requiring vascular access for minimum 7 days were included. Sample size of 72 per group was determined. Trial was registered at Clinical Trials Registry of India (CTRI/2015/02/005529). Success rates of the UVC and PICC were 68.1% and 65.3%, respectively (p = 0.724). Mean (SD) time needed for PICC and UVC insertion was 34.13 (34.69) and 28.31 (17.19) min, respectively (p = 0.205). Mean (SD) cost of PICC insertion vs. UVC insertion was 60.9 (8.6) vs. 11.9 (8.7) US dollars (p < 0.0001). Commonest cause for failure of UVC was displacement [6 (8.3%)] and that for PICC was blockage [9 (12.5%)].

CONCLUSIONS: UVC is a cheaper alternative to PICC, with similar success rate, short-term complications and time needed for insertion.

Reference:

Dongara, B.A., Patel, D.V., Nimbalkar, S.M., Potana, N. and Nimbalkar, A.S. (2017) Umbilical Venous Catheter Versus Peripherally Inserted Central Catheter in Neonates: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Journal of Tropical Pediatrics. January 10th.[Epub ahead of print].

doi: 10.1093/tropej/fmw099.

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