Thyrocervical artery – jugular fistula following internal jugular venous catheterization

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“We incidentally detected a thyrocervical artery – jugular fistula in a patient on maintenance hemodialysis.” Zachariah et al (2014).

Reference:

Zachariah, P.P., Unni, V.N., Kurian, G., Nair, R.R. and Mathew, A. (2014) Thyrocervical artery – jugular fistula following internal jugular venous catheterization. Indian Journal of Nephrology. 24(3), p.178-80.

Abstract:

Arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is an anomalous communication between an artery and a vein, caused by an iatrogenic or traumatic etiology. Surgically created upper limb AVF remains the preferred vascular access for patients on maintenance hemodialysis. Nonetheless central vein cannulation for hemodialysis is a common procedure done in patients who need hemodialysis. We incidentally detected a thyrocervical artery – jugular fistula in a patient on maintenance hemodialysis. He underwent a successful intra arterial coil embolization of the feeding vessel. Review of literature has shown that, a thyrocervical artery – internal jugular vein arteriovenous fistula following a central venous catheterization has not been reported so far.

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