Three-step ultrasound-guided pediatric internal jugular catheterization

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“Ultrasound guidance may be a valuable adjunct for pediatric internal jugular vein catheterization. We previously reported a long-axis in plane technique, called the “three-step method”, resulting in high success and a low complication rate by novice operators in adult patients.” Tadokoro et al (2014).

Reference:

Tadokoro, T., Tokumine, J., Lefor, A.T., Kawabata, T., Yoza, K. and Kinjo, T. (2014) The three-step method for ultrasound-guided pediatric internal jugular venous catheterization: a clinical trial. Journal of Anesthesia. July 1st. [epub ahead of print].

Abstract:

Ultrasound guidance may be a valuable adjunct for pediatric internal jugular vein catheterization. We previously reported a long-axis in plane technique, called the “three-step method”, resulting in high success and a low complication rate by novice operators in adult patients. This is the first report of ultrasound-guided internal jugular vein catheterization (US-IJV) using the three-step method in pediatric patients. Fourteen junior residents underwent simulation training, and then participated in a clinical trial. They performed US-IJV in 14 pediatric patients with congenital heart disease before undergoing cardiac surgery under supervision of an experienced clinician. The overall success rate was 93 %, and all catheterizations were performed within two venipunctures. There were no complications associated with the procedure. The three-step method may facilitate pediatric US-IJV even by a novice operator during their first experience.

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