Strategies for management of contrast media extravasation

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“In this article, we review the incidence, risk factors, clinical manifestations, and options for preventing and treating contrast medium extravasation in soft tissues. Finally, we present the protocol we use to manage extravasation at our hospital.” Pacheco Compaña et al (2014).

Reference:

Pacheco Compaña, F.J., Gago Vidal, B. and Méndez Díaz, C. (2014) Extravasation of contrast media at the puncture site: Strategies for managment. Radiologia. May 27th. [epub ahead of print]. [Article in English, Spanish].

Abstract:

The incidence of contrast medium extravasation at the venipuncture site has increased with the generalized use of automatic injectors. Most extravasations only cause slight edema and erythema. Nevertheless, in some cases extravasation can result in severe skin lesions or even in compartment syndrome. Lesions caused by extravasation usually resolve spontaneously with conservative treatment. Although the complications of extravasation are well known, institutional protocols are normally lacking and the criteria for taking action and the type of treatment, whether based on the literature or personal preferences, tend to vary. In this article, we review the incidence, risk factors, clinical manifestations, and options for preventing and treating contrast medium extravasation in soft tissues. Finally, we present the protocol we use to manage extravasation at our hospital.

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