This multicentre, open-label, prospective, single-arm study was designed to evaluate the efficacy, pharmacokinetics, and safety of IqYmune®, a highly purified 10% polyvalent immunoglobulin preparation for intravenous administration in patients with primary immunodeficiency” Krivan et al (2017).
This multicentre, open-label, prospective, single-arm study was designed to evaluate the efficacy, pharmacokinetics, and safety of IqYmune®, a highly purified 10% polyvalent immunoglobulin preparation for intravenous administration in patients with primary immunodeficiency. IqYmune® was administered to 62 patients (aged 2-61 years) with X-linked agammaglobulinemia or common variable immune deficiency at a dose from 0.22 to 0.97 g/kg every 3 to 4 weeks for 12 months with an infusion rate up to 8 mL/kg/h.
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A pharmacokinetic study was performed at steady state between the 8th and the 9th infusion. A single case of serious bacterial infection was observed, leading to an annualized rate of serious bacterial infections/patient (primary endpoint) of 0.017 (98% CI: 0.000, 0.115). Overall, 228 infections were reported, most frequently bronchitis, chronic sinusitis, nasopharyngitis and upper respiratory tract infection. The mean annualized rate of infections was 3.79/patient. A lower risk of infections was associated with an IgG trough level > 8 g/L (p = 0.01). The mean annualized durations of absence from work or school and of hospitalization due to infections were 1.01 and 0.89 days/patient, respectively. The mean serum IgG trough level before the 6th infusion was 7.73 g/L after a mean dose of IqYmune® of 0.57 g/kg. The pharmacokinetic profile of IqYmune® was consistent with that of other intravenous immunoglobulins. Overall, 15.5% of infusions were associated with an adverse event occurring within 72 h post infusion. Headache was the most common adverse event. In conclusion, IqYmune® was shown to be effective and well tolerated in patients with primary immunodeficiency.
Krivan, G., Chernyshova, L., Kostyuchenko, L., Lange, A., Nyul, Z., Derfalvi, B., Musial, J., Bellon, A., Kappler, M., Sadoun, A. and Bernatowska, E. (2017) A Multicentre Study on the Efficacy, Safety and Pharmacokinetics of IqYmune®, a Highly Purified 10% Liquid Intravenous Immunoglobulin, in Patients with Primary Immune Deficiency. Journal of Clinical Immunology. July 15th. [Epub ahead of print].
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