Quality improvement intervention reduces central line-associated infections

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“Statistical significance demonstrated a 65% reduction in CLABSI on the pilot unit after the 6-month initial trial.” Edwards et al (2014).

Reference:

Edwards, M., Purpura, J. and Kochvar, G. (2014) Quality improvement intervention reduces episodes of long-term acute care hospital central line-associated infections. American Journal of Infection Control.. April 25th. [epub ahead of print].

Abstract:

BACKGROUND: Reducing central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) poses a set of unique challenges in long-term acute care hospitals (LTACHS). Patients are often admitted to LTACHs with central lines in place from the previous hospitalization; thus, LTACHs lack control over insertion techniques and respective central line care and maintenance. This study aimed to demonstrate the impact of a methodical bathing approach with 2% chlorhexidine gluconate (CHG) cloths and a correlation with a reduced prevalence of CLABSIs in our LTACH population.

METHODS: This retrospective observational quality initiative conducted in a 105-bed LTACH used plan-do-study-act methodology to assess the effects of a revised bathing approach using 2% CHG.

RESULTS: Statistical significance demonstrated a 65% reduction in CLABSI on the pilot unit after the 6-month initial trial. The results of the quality initiative were evaluated through the end of 2012.

CONCLUSIONS: The decision was made to implement the revised bathing protocol throughout the entire LTACH hospital stay.

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