Prevalence and the underreporting of needlestick injuries among trainee physicians

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“The high prevalence and the underreporting of non-intentional punctures places students at a higher risk of transmissible diseases. Strategies focused on prevention, monitoring, and control of accidental punctures should be implemented by hospitals, schools, and medical schools” Padrón Salas et al (2014).

Reference:

Padrón Salas, A., Soria Orozco, M., Gutiérrez Mendoza, L.M., Torres Montes, A., Cossío Torres, P.E. and Yáñez Lane, M. (2014) Prevalence of unsafe conditions associated to non-intentional needlestick injuries among trainee physicians. Gaceta Médica de México. 150(Suppl 3), p.347-57. [Article in Spanish].

Abstract:

INTRODUCTION: Physicians in training face high-risk clinical situations for needlestick injuries during their training.

OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and establish behaviors associated with needlestick injuries.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted during the 2012-2013 school year among undergraduate and graduate medical students of a Faculty of Medicine in Mexico.

RESULTS: There were a total of 441 questionnaires completed, of which 56.7% of students reported having experienced at least one lesion, of which only 44.5% reported it. The conditions and unsafe acts associated were: female students had a greater risk for the first puncture, whereas male students correlated with three or more punctures; third year students, night shift rounds, the feeling of being rushed by someone else, and the presence of fatigue were risk factors for the first puncture (p < 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: The high prevalence and the underreporting of non-intentional punctures places students at a higher risk of transmissible diseases. Strategies focused on prevention, monitoring, and control of accidental punctures should be implemented by hospitals, schools, and medical schools.

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