“We investigated these techniques in internal jugular vein (IJV) catheterization in respect of operator experience, complications, and risk factors.” Schummer et al (2014).
Schummer, W., Köditz, J.A., Schelenz, C., Reinhart, K. and Sakka, S.G. (2014) Pre-procedure ultrasound increases the success and safety of central venous catheterization. British Journal of Anaesthesia. 113(1), p.122-9.
Pre-procedure ultrasound increases the success and safety of central venous catheterisation http://ctt.ec/a31Yb+ @ivteam #ivteam
BACKGROUND: Real-time ultrasound (US) in central venous catheterization is superior to pre-procedure US. However, moving real-time US into routine practice is impeded by its perceived expense and difficulty. Currently, pre-procedure US and landmark (LM) methods are most widely used. We investigated these techniques in internal jugular vein (IJV) catheterization in respect of operator experience, complications, and risk factors.
METHODS: In an observational non-randomized study, we investigated 606 of ∼1300 procedures, that is, 200 patients were treated under pre-procedure US and 406 under LM [pathfinder (PF) n=202, direct cannulation (DC) n=204]. We recorded first needle pass success rate, success rate after the third attempt, and the cannulation time. Procedures were performed by inexperienced (<100) or experienced (>100 catheterizations) operators.
RESULTS: Pre-procedure US was associated with more successful attempts and shorter cannulation times. Under pre-procedure US, 88% of first attempts were successful and 100% of third attempts. The median (range) cannulation time was 39 (10-330) s. Under PF, only 56% of first, and 87% of third, attempts were successful with a median (range) cannulation time of 100 (25-3600) s. Under DC, 61% of first and 89% of third attempts were successful; the median (range) cannulation time was 70 (10-3600) s. Remarkably, inexperienced operators using pre-procedure US (n=38) were significantly faster than experienced operators using PF or DC (n=343) (cannulation time: median 60 s, range 12-330, for inexperienced; 60 s, range 10-3600, for experienced). First puncture success rates were higher (pre-procedure US, inexperienced 84%, PF or DC, experienced 57%).
CONCLUSIONS: Pre-procedure US for IJV catheterization is safe, quick, and superior to LM.
Other intravenous and vascular access resources that may be of interest (External links – IVTEAM has no responsibility for content).
- Guide for intravenous chemotherapy and associated vascular access devices from Macmillan.
- CancerUK IV chemotherapy information.