Potential blood splatter from intravenous catheters with passive safety mechanism

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“We report a comparative laboratory study between 2 peripheral intravenous catheters equipped with a passive fully automatic safety mechanism to assess generation of blood droplets during withdrawal” Rosenthal and Hughes (2015).

Reference:

Rosenthal, V.D. and Hughes, G. (2015) Fluid dispersal from safety cannulas: An in vitro comparative test. American Journal of Infection Control. 43(3), p.305-307.

Abstract:

We report a comparative laboratory study between 2 peripheral intravenous catheters equipped with a passive fully automatic safety mechanism to assess generation of blood droplets during withdrawal. One presented no fluid droplets, whereas the other presented droplets in 48% and 60% for the best and worst case, with analysis of variance showing positive effects on the number of droplets generated (P < .001). Safety devices can introduce hazards if health care workers are at risk from blood splatter.

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