We aim to examine the utilisation and outcome of post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) for both HIV and hepatitis B (HBV) among HCWs” Abubakar et al (2018).
BACKGROUND: Healthcare workers (HCWs) have an increased risk of occupational exposure to blood-borne pathogens.
AIMS/OBJECTIVES: We aim to examine the utilisation and outcome of post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) for both HIV and hepatitis B (HBV) among HCWs.
METHODS: This was a retrospective study conducted in a tertiary hospital in North-Western Nigeria. We reviewed data on HIV or HBV PEP given to HCWs between 2004 and 2016.
RESULTS: A total of 115 HCWs presented for PEP during the study period. Intern doctors were the most exposed group (40/115; 34.8%). There were 86/115 (74.8%) needle stick exposures. While 53/115 (46.1%) of the sources of exposure were HIV-positive, 9/115(7.83%) were HBV-positive. Zidovudine-based regimen (40/70) was the most commonly prescribed. No seroconversion occurred among those that completed PEP treatment and follow-up.
DISCUSSION: No seroconversion occurred among those that received either or both HIV and HBV PEP and completed PEP treatment.
Abubakar, S., Iliyasu, G., Dayyab, F.M., Inuwa, S., Tudun Wada, R.A., Sadiq, N.M., Gadanya, M.A., Sheshe, A.A., Mijinyawa, M.S. and Habib, A.G. (2018) Post-exposure prophylaxis following occupational exposure to HIV and hepatitis B: an analysis of a 12-year record in a Nigerian tertiary hospital. Journal of Infection Prevention. 19(4), p.184-189.