Pharmacist-managed outpatient parenteral antimicrobial therapy service

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Abstract:

PURPOSE: The development and implementation of a pharmacist-managed outpatient parenteral antimicrobial therapy (OPAT) program in a county teaching hospital are described.

SUMMARY: A pharmacist-managed OPAT program was developed and implemented at a county teaching hospital to provide consistent evaluation, approval, and monitoring of patients requiring OPAT for the treatment of infection. The developmental and implementation stages of the OPAT program included (1) a needs assessment, (2) the identification of resources necessary for program operation, (3) delineation of general OPAT program operations and activities of individual OPAT clinicians, (4) the development of patient selection criteria, including a plan of care algorithm, and (5) acquisition of administrative support to approve the program. In this program, the OPAT pharmacist plays an integral role in the management and oversight of OPAT patients, working under a collaborative agreement with infectious diseases physicians. The OPAT pharmacist assists with appropriate patient and regimen selection, confirmation of orders on discharge, assuring that laboratory tests for safety surveillance are performed and evaluated, performing routine monitoring for adverse events and line complications, and assuring the removal of the vascular access device upon the completion of OPAT.

CONCLUSION: The OPAT program provides structured monitoring, patient follow-up, and led to improvements in patient outcome with minimization of treatment and line-related adverse events.

Reference:

Chung, E.K., Beeler, C.B., Muloma, E.W., Osterholzer, D., Damer, K.M. and Erdman, S.M. (2016) Development and implementation of a pharmacist-managed outpatient parenteral antimicrobial therapy program. American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy. 73(1), p.e24-33.

DOI: 10.2146/ajhp150201.

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