Peripheral IV catheter indwell time and phlebitis development reviewed

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“The results of this study show that catheters can be used for longer periods of time when administered under optimal conditions and with appropriate surveillance.” Pasalioglu et al (2014).

Reference:

Pasalioglu, K.B. and Kaya, H. (2014) Catheter indwell time and phlebitis development during peripheral intravenous catheter administration. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences. 30(4), p.725-30.

Abstract:

OBJECTIVE: Intravenous catheters have been indispensable tools of modern medicine. Although intravenous applications can be used for a multitude of purposes, these applications may cause complications, some of which have serious effects. Of these complications, the most commonly observed is phlebitis. This study was conducted to determine the effect of catheter indwell time on phlebitis development during peripheral intravenous catheter administration.

METHODS: This study determined the effect of catheter indwell time on phlebitis development during peripheral intravenous catheter administration. The study included a total of 103 individuals who were administered 439 catheters and satisfied the study enrollment criteria at one infectious diseases clinic in Istanbul/Turkey. Data were compiled from Patient Information Forms, Peripheral Intravenous Catheter and Therapy Information Forms, reported grades based on the Visual Infusion Phlebitis Assessment Scale, and Peripheral Intravenous Catheter Nurse Observation Forms. The data were analyzed using SPSS. Results : The mean patient age was 53.75±15.54 (standard deviation) years, and 59.2% of the study participants were men. Phlebitis was detected in 41.2% of peripheral intravenous catheters, and the rate decreased with increased catheter indwell time. Analyses showed that catheter indwell time, antibiotic usage, sex, and catheterization sites were significantly associated with development of phlebitis.

CONCLUSION: The results of this study show that catheters can be used for longer periods of time when administered under optimal conditions and with appropriate surveillance.

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