Patient outcomes in hemodialysis at a tertiary care hospital in China

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The aim of this study was to assess different follow-up methods for hemodialysis patients in our hemodialysis center in China” Zhang et al (2018).

Abstract:

Arteriovenous fistula is the preferred option for vascular access in hemodialysis patients. The aim of this study was to assess different follow-up methods for hemodialysis patients in our hemodialysis center in China. A cohort of 124 patients with stage 3 chronic kidney disease was recruited and double-blind randomly assigned into two groups. Patients in Group A received phone calls to schedule their next consultation a week in advance. Patients in Group B scheduled their next appointment at the end of each visit. A total of 116 patients were included in the study and eight dropped out. Twenty-seven patients (46.4%) in Group A and 13 patients (22.4%) in Group B had an AVF prior to hemodialysis (P = 0.006), and 44.8% of patients in Group A and 15.5% of patients in Group B were using AVFs at the initiation of dialysis (P = 0.003).

Sixteen patients (27.6%) in Group A and 24 patients (41.3%) in Group B required central venous catheters due to acute on chronic kidney disease and 13 patients (22.4%) in Group A and 21 patients (36.2%) in Group B required central venous catheters due to patient-related delays (P = 0.02). At the end of the study, seven patients in Group A died and 17 patients in Group B died (P = 0.027). The patients who received phone calls to schedule appointments in advance had a higher rate of arteriovenous fistulas prior to dialysis and at hemodialysis initiation had a reduced incidence of acute on chronic kidney disease and patient-related delays, and had an improved prognosis.

Reference:

Zhang, Y., Kong, X., Tang, L., Wei, Y. and Xu, D. (2018) Analysis of Follow-Up Methods of Vascular Access and Patient Outcomes in Hemodialysis at a Tertiary Care Hospital in China. Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis. January 19th. .

doi: 10.1111/1744-9987.12646.

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