Outcomes PICC placement in extremely preterm infants

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To evaluate the duration of catheter stay, incidence of non-elective removal and rates of complications associated with peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) in relation to different catheter positions in extremely preterm infants (EPT, >28 weeks of gestation)” van den Berg et al (2017).

Abstract:

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the duration of catheter stay, incidence of non-elective removal and rates of complications associated with peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) in relation to different catheter positions in extremely preterm infants (EPT, >28 weeks of gestation)” van den Berg et al (2017).

METHODS: A retrospective analysis of Peripherally Inserted Central Catheters (PICCs) inserted in EPT infants over a 10-year period, from January 2004 through December 2013 (mean gestational age, 25.2 weeks; mean birth weight, 727 g).

RESULTS: Of the 379 PICCs analyzed, the majority of lines (68%) were placed in the central position, and 259 PICCs (56%) were removed electively after fulfilment of the treatment. Significantly more PICCs in the lower extremities compared to the upper extremities were in central positions (86% vs 61%, p < 0.001, respectively). Significantly more PICCs that were removed electively after fulfilment of the treatment were in a central position compared to a non-central position (p < 0.001). Of the 166 catheters that were removed because of complications, most (71%) of them had mechanical problems, and 13% had sepsis resulting in an incidence rate of 4.4/1000 catheter days.

CONCLUSION: PICCs inserted in the lower extremity were more likely to have a centrally placed tip position compared to PICC lines inserted in the upper extremities.

Reference:

van den Berg, J., Lööf Åström, J., Olofsson, J., Fridlund, M. and Farooqi, A. (2017) Peripherally inserted central catheter in extremely preterm infants: Characteristics and influencing factors. Journal of Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine. March 16th. [Epub ahead of print].

doi: 10.3233/NPM-16105.

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