The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness in reducing pain during peripheral intravenous catheterization of coughing, blowing into a spirometer and squeezing a stress ball” Yılmaz and Güneş (2017).
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness in reducing pain during peripheral intravenous catheterization of coughing, blowing into a spirometer and squeezing a stress ball.
BACKGROUND: Peripheral intravenous catheterization is widely performed by nurses; it causes pain and discomfort to patients.
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DESIGN: This was a single blind randomized controlled study.
METHODS: The sample of the study consisted of 120 males who came to donate blood. Before the peripheral intravenous catheterization, the individuals were divided by a simple randomization method into four groups: a coughing group, a blowing into a spirometer group, a stress ball squeezing group and a control group. During the procedure, the pain levels felt by the individuals were assessed using the Visual Analog Scale by a nurse who was blinded to the procedure.
FINDINGS: The mean pain of the individuals in the coughing group was found to be 19.5 mm (SD: 13.6), that of the spirometer group was 28.3 mm (SD: 20.2), that of the stress ball group was 32.1 mm (SD: 23.8), and that of the control group was 45.5 mm (SD: 19.5). Statistical analysis showed a significant difference between the mean pain scores of individuals in the control group and those of individuals in the coughing, spirometer and stress ball groups.
CONCLUSION: The techniques of squeezing a stress ball, blowing into a spirometer and in particular coughing, depending on the potential mechanism of the Valsalva maneuver and diverting attention, are effective techniques in reducing the pain of peripheral catheterization procedures.
Yılmaz, D. and Güneş, Ü.Y. (2017) The Effect on Pain of Three Different Nonpharmacological Methods in Peripheral Intravenous Catheterization in Adults. Journal of Clinical Nursing. October 27th. [epub ahead of print].
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