Long-term outcomes and complications of upper arm central venous access ports

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“Central venous access port (CV port) is used for long-term treatment of patients with advanced colorectal cancer. To confirm a standard procedure of CV port implant, we analyzed long-term outcomes and complications of upper arm CV ports.” Ide et al (2014).

Reference:

Ide, Y., Mikami, K. and Murata, K. (2014) Long-term outcomes and complications of upper arm central venous access ports. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho. 40(3), p.331-5. [Article in Japanese].

Abstract:

BACKGROUND: Central venous access port(CV port)is used for long-term treatment of patients with advanced colorectal cancer. To confirm a standard procedure of CV port implant, we analyzed long-term outcomes and complications of upper arm CV ports.

METHODS: Ninety patients implanted with CV ports in the upper arm between November 2006 and November 2009 were studied retrospectively.

RESULTS: There were no complications from the implanting procedure. Twenty patients (22. 2%)had complications, including infection(n=10), occlusion(n=7), thrombosis(n=4)and persistent pain(n=1) (there is some overlapping). Eighteen patients(20%) received surgery for removal of the ports. The median follow-up period was 160 days(range, 30-1,167days). Univariate and multivariate analysis indicated that patients with a catheter tip above the tracheal bifurcation had a significantly higher risk for complications than patients with a tip below bifurcation.

CONCLUSION: Upper arm CV ports were implanted safely. For long-term use, it is important to place the catheter tip below the tracheal bifurcation.

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