Intervention program to improve peripherally inserted central venous catheter care

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“The purpose of this study is to analyze the related complications and to evaluate effect of a comprehensive intervention on long-term PICCs.” Chen et al (2014).

Reference:

Chen, W., Deng, H., Shen, L., Qin, M. and He, L. (2014) A comprehensive intervention program on the long-term placement of peripherally inserted central venous catheters. Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics. 10(2), p.359-62.

Abstract:

Background: Peripherally inserted central venous catheters (PICCs) have been increasingly utilized in treating patients in intensive care. The purpose of this study is to analyze the related complications and to evaluate effect of a comprehensive intervention on long-term PICCs.

Materials and Methods: We selected 217 and 243 cases before and after comprehensive intervention respectively from the department of radiotherapy in our hospital. Various possible factors affecting PICCs insertions and maintenance were analyzed. A quality control circle was formed for nursing care. The comprehensive intervention was performed both on catheter insertion and post-PICCs care. Complication rates were compared before and after the intervention.

Results: The duration for PICCs was 90 days. In the control group (before intervention), the complications were as follows: Tube feeding difficulties (23.5%), catheter dislodgment (23.5%), infection (17.6%), catheter obstruction (17.6%), puncture failure (5.9%), allergy (5.9%), and pain (5.9%). The incidence of unplanned extubations was 7.8%. The incidence of complications was significantly decreased in the test group (after intervention). Moreover, one episode of catheter obstruction (5.9%) and one episode of allergy (5.9%) were found (P < 0.01) in this study.

Conclusion: Comprehensive intervention programs effectively reduce the incidence of complications in long-term PICCs lines.

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