INTRODUCTION: The incidence of catheter related Bloodstream infections (BSI) is high in intensive care units (ICU).
AIM: To evaluate the BSI rate in a population of patients admitted to a General ICU before and after the implementation of the 2011 CDC guidelines.
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METHODS: Retrospective observational study on patients admitted from January 2009 to December 2013. The infusion and monitoring lines were changed every 96 hours for the first 30 months, and every 7 days for the next 30. In all patients a closed infusion line with needlefree connectors pressure was used (Microclave). The following catheters were considered in the study: central venous catheter (CVC), arterial cannula (ART) and Swan Ganz catheter (SG).
RESULTS: During the period with change every 96 hours 15 BSI were observed over 13395 catheters/days (C/D), 1.12 per 1000 C/D, while when lines where changed every 7 days 11 BSI were observed over 13120 C/D, 0.83 per 1000 C/D. A statistically significant reduction of BSI was observed in SG catheters (4.17 vs. no BSI p = 0.02), while the CVCS (1.12 vs 1.45 – p = 0.37) and ART (0.35 vs 0.36 – p = 0.61) infection rates remained unchanged.
CONCLUSIONS: The replacement of infusion lines every 7 days in our sample did not increase the BSI, helping to reduce the costs.
Lucchini, A., Angelini, S., Losurdo, L., Giuffrida, A., Vanini, S., Elli, S., Cannizzo, L., Gariboldi, R., Bambi, S. and Fumagalli, R. (2015) The impact of closed system and 7 days intravascular administration set replacement on catheter related infections in a general intensive care unit: a before-after study. Assistenza Infermieristica e Ricerca. 34(3), p.125-33. .
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