Impact of a safety-engineered device on needlestick prevention

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The present study was aimed at evaluating the impact of a safety-engineered device, with passive fully automatic needlestick protection, on the rate of needlestick injuries among healthcare workers” Sossai et al (2016).

Abstract:

Healthcare workers who use or may be exposed to needles are at risk of needlestick injuries, which can lead to serious infections by bloodborne pathogens. These injuries can be avoided by eliminating the unnecessary use of needles and using safety devices. The present study was aimed at evaluating the impact of a safety-engineered device, with passive fully automatic needlestick protection, on the rate of needlestick injuries among healthcare workers.

The setting of the study was a network of five public healthcare institutions situated in a Northern Italian Region. Data on the type of device, the number of employees and the number of catheter devices used per year were collected through regular meetings with healthcare workers over a period of five years. The most notable result of this study was the huge risk reduction associated with safety devices. Indeed, the risk of needlestick injuries due to conventional devices was found to be 25-fold higher than that observed for safety devices. However, it is noteworthy that a considerable part of this excess can be explained by the different background number of devices used. Moreover, descriptive analysis suggested that individuals with a poor/moderate training level had a lower risk than those with good/high training, though the difference was not statistically significant. In conclusion, there is convincing evidence of a causal connection between the introduction of safety devices and the reduction in needlestick injuries. This consideration should prompt the introduction of safety devices into daily clinical practice.

Reference:

Sossai, D., Di Guardo, M., Foscoli, R., Pezzi, R., Polimeni, A., Ruzza, L., Miele, M., Ottaggio, L., Fontana, V., Copello, F., Dellacà, P., Doria, M., Onesti, A., Montecucco, G., Risso, F., Nelli, M., Benvenuti, I., Santacroce, M., Giribaldi, L., Picelli, G., Simonini, S. and Venturini, P. (2016) Efficacy of safety catheter devices in the prevention of occupational needlestick injuries: applied research in the Liguria Region (Italy). Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene. 57(2), p.E110-4.

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